The basis for our work is the deep understanding that vision affects all areas of development, it is the organizing sense that pushes us to connect with the environment, stimulates curiosity and through it we perceive and understand the world. , Are the important factors in the effect of visual impairment on development.
In early childhood, toddlers explore their physical and human environment by virtue of curiosity and producing the activity inherent in them from birth. The first agents of inquiry are the “near” senses of touch, taste, smell, then the listening, watching and imitation also join.
Rehabilitation work for the preservation and development of vision skills:
- Hand Eye Coordination
- Gaze Focus and Eye Contact
- Depth Vision
Vision skills for a visually impaired child are not acquired at random and can be practiced and worked on while learning techniques for maximum utilization of vision and improving vision functions. That is, the child’s visual acuity may not change, but he will learn to take advantage of the vision he has left and express it in daily activities, such as scanning space, locating a familiar object or figure, descending stairs, deciphering a picture laden with details like in a book, focusing Prolonged and consistent towards a character with whom we talked and more ..
The activity to improve visual functions will be done through play and experience and according to each child’s personal ability, how much the child sees, what his perception ability is and his level of understanding.
Awareness : awareness Distinguishing something, acknowledging it and being alert to it.
Focusing Focus / Staring focus : Ability to bring both eyes together (or one eye) for a visual purpose.
Eye contact eye contact : Non-verbal communication, in which two people look into each other’s eyes at the same time.
Tracking follow : Movement of the eyes / head, after an object / person.
Scan search : A scan is actually done by a series of “jumps” look. The ability to move the gaze from place to place, in order to perform a different scan: the environment, objects, figures and images. Functionally we will test close up and remote scan.
Depth Vision : The ability to distinguish and estimate the depth and distance between me and an object or figure, up close and / or from a distance.
In-depth vision will often affect areas of life skills (ADL) such as:
Orientation and mobility, grapho-motor skills … and more will therefore be combined with work goals of the health professions.
Hand eye contact hand eye contact : Hand eye contact: reaching out while focusing / staring at an object, using visual supervision (sight leads to hand movement).
Decoding solving : The ability to understand the role / meaning of the object in front of me. Decoding objects in the near / far environment
The work will be done in a number of ways –
- Working in dark rooms
- Work on Mobility and Orientation in Space
- Active learning with appropriate aids such as a resonator board and a small home