[:il]The role of a speech clinician in the treatment of
visually impaired children is a professional engaged in locating, diagnosing, evaluating, rehabilitating and consulting regarding language development in infants,
speech and communication, hearing impairments and swallowing. Functional communication skills are forms of communication that work to inform the recipients about the needs of the learner, his desires, interest and feelings. Communication skills enable the learner to achieve what he wants on his own, and are milestones for learning to express choice and build independence. These skills have many forms that include sleeting, signs, movements and the use of alternative communication accessories.
The development of communication in blind toddlers or possible communication prob
lemsThe first stage of communication development is the pre-lip stage. Pre-language communication usually relies on a visual experience, such as eye contact, reactions to facial expressions, and experiences such as voting. Proper pre-language communication will enable the continuation of a sequence of joint actions such as: mutual-social play based on shared attention. Sometimes the interaction and pre-language communication of the blind child is impaire
d.The main tool for communication is language, a set of symbols and agreed laws used for thinking, representing knowledge, expression and learning. Most blind children are able to learn a language, however its development is slower and different in its way.Th
e blind child is born into a world of seeing people, he must acquire a language and use concepts that belong to the world that see. The sensory-motor experience of the blind child is unique, and the acqui
ring of knowledge differs from that of a child who sees. When the blind child has difficulty processing non-verba
l information such
as body language, facial expressions, this will cause pragmatic problems. Cooperation with the medical violation team, the educational staff and the parents will enable the acquisition of language in an adapted and earlier manner, which will lead to a good and effective integration in the community.
[:en]Effective communication is essential for full integration in society. Before learning to speak all children are exposed to "prelanguage" – the first step in developing communication skills."Pre-language" for the seeing child generally involves visual experiences, such as direct eye contact, visual responses to facial expressions and pointing at various objects. This is followed by interactive activities accompanied by speech. In general, blind and/or visually impaired children have no problem learning to speak clearly, all be it at a slower rate, also through developing pre-language skills. However, the inability to see, therefore interpret body language, facial expressions, and other non-verbal cues, makes it more difficulty for the blind child to fully understand and communicate with others. Intervention, in the form of speech therapy, among other therapies provided by ELIYA, is an effective tool in helping such children to communicate clearly and become fully functioning members of society.