The basis of our work is the deep understanding that vision affects all areas of development, it is the organizing sense that pushes us to connect with the environment, stimulates curiosity and through which we perceive and understand the world. Vision affects motor, cognitive and behavioral ability, the severity and nature of visual impairment, are the important factors in the effect of visual impairment on development.
In early childhood, toddlers explore their physical and human environment by virtue of curiosity and produce their inherent activity from birth. The first agents of the investigation are the "close" senses of touch, taste, smell, and then also join in listening, looking and imitating.
Rehabilitative work to preserve and develop vision skills:
- Hand eye coordination
- Focusing view and eye contact
- Depth vision
Vision skills for visually impaired children are not acquired randomly and can be practiced and worked on while learning techniques for maximizing vision utilization and improving vision functions. In other words, the child's visual acuity may not change, but he will learn to take advantage of the vision he has left and be reflected in his daily activities, such as scanning space, locating an object or familiar figure, tracing stairs, decoding a picture packed with details such as in the book, focusing a long and consistent view towards a character we rested talking to, and more.
The activity to improve visual functions will be done by way of play and experience and according to the personal ability of each child, to what level the child sees, what is his ability to perception and level of understanding.
Awareness:Awareness discerning the existence of something, acknowledging it and alertness towards it.
Focus look/stare focus: the ability to bring both eyes together (or one eye) for a visual purpose.
Eye eye contact: non-verbal communication, in which two people look into each other's eyes at the same time.
Follow track: movement of the eyes / head, another object / person.
Search Scan : Bone scan is done by a series of "jumps" look. The ability to move the gaze from place to place, in order to perform another scan: the environment, objects, figures and pictures. Functionally, we'll take a closer look and a remote scan.
Depth vision : the ability to distinguish and gauge the depth and distance between me and an object or figure, up close and/or remotely.
In-depth vision will usually affect areas of life skills (ADL) such as:
Orientation and mobility, Erfu-Motorica… Moreover, it will be integrated together with the work goals of the health professions.
Hand eye coordination hand eye contact: Hand eye coordination: outreacting while focusing/staring at an object, using visual supervision (vision leads to hand movement).
Solving Decoding: The ability to understand the role / meaning of the object in front of me.
The work will be done in a number of ways –
- Working in darkrooms
- Work on mobility and orientation in space
- Active learning with suitable accessories such as a resonance board and a small house